SELF-MANAGEMENT Chapter:-05 Notes :—|| Chapters Notes of Computer Book IT Code-402 Class-9,|| Unit:-2 SELF-MANAGEMENT SKILLS-1

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SELF-MANAGEMENT Chapter:-05 Notes 😐Chapters Notes of Computer Book IT Code-402 Class-9,| Unit:-2 SELF-MANAGEMENT SKILLS-1 
SELF-MANAGEMENT Chapter:-05 Notes :-|Chapters Notes of Computer Book IT Code-402 Class-9,| Unit:-2 SELF-MANAGEMENT SKILLS-1

Self-management means management of oneself taking. responsibility of your own behaviour and well being it incorporates understanding yourself, managing your strengths and weaknesses, and taking responsibility of your growth.
Self-management means becoming your own master or your own boss it means taking responsibility of your actions and giving your best in whatever you do. It makes a person organised and well-equipped to manage and handle different situations.

It is a great skill to build for life and work. It helps in making the right choices and taking appropriate decisions. It is the ability of an individual to adjust and modify emotions and behave according to the accepted norms of the society. It includes how an individual copes with unknown wants or needs, handles obstacles and sets goals for himself/herself.
Appropriate self-management can help an individual perform well in all spheres of life. It can also help in minimising anti-social and offending behaviour of individuals. A society has its own set of rules, regulations and norms. And every individual has to perform and behave according to the norms, set by the society. If one deviates and behaves differently, he/she will not be accepted by the society. For example, an inappropriate
behaviour such as display of anger in a class, at a work place or even in personal life, will lead to a penalty, may be in the form of removal from class, termination from job, etc. Self-management also refers to self control or self-regulation that helps in managing stress. controlling emotions, motivating oneself and working towards personal and academic goals A student with strong self-management skills will be more attentive, a keen learner, a good listener, will arrive in the class well prepared, follow directions and work independently with focus Effective self-management skills have the power to bring a change in almost every aspect of life. Self-management skills are very important but are difficult to learn. Some people have innate management skills whereas most of us have to acquire and develop these skills with practice, time and reflection. These skills help us become confident, self-dependent and achieve our goals.
Self-management helps individuals to work independently, actively monitor and reinforce one’s own behaviour.

Self-management strategies motivate students to set their own goals and compare their present performance as they work towards achieving the set goals. Following are the benefits of self- management
•It boosts the decision-making capacity of an individual.
Self-management makes an individual more determined and focussed. When we know what our goals are and are determined enough to achieve then, it becomes easier to take appropriate and right decisions. 
•It increases the chances of success.
Self-management is the key to success. It increases the chances of success manifold as the person practicing self-management gets better results of his/her efforts.
•It helps in curtailing impulsive behaviour.
Self-management helps in evaluating one’s own. thoughts and feelings so there is less chance that one will behave impulsively.
•It improves focus.
Self-management allows us to focus our energies on at tasks in hand and rule out distractions, which ensures that we perform to the best of our abilities. 
•It promotes congruence.
Self-management can lead to better congruence. Our thoughts are fully aligned with our behaviour. So, we have more respect for our decisions. People who practice self-management lead more harmonious lives because they know how to manage and handle different situations. People who practice self-management can easily correlate things and find similarities, and hence there are less chances of conflict of ideas.
•It improves our performance in all spheres.
Self-management touches every sphere of life, be it personal or professional, thus, it helps in the improvement of all round performance.
The following important self-management skills can help an Individual lead a happy and successful life, both personally and professionally
Self-confidence is a feeling of having faith in one’s capabilities, qualities and judgement Self-confident people have positive attitude towards everything They not only live their life positively but also have the courage to face their fears and worries! A self-confident person respects himself/herself and is also well aware of one’s own strengths and weaknesses, and continuously strives to overcome them. Self-confident people Fig. 3 Self-management skills have greater self worth which helps them to be confident. When we do not doubt ourself and our abilities, we get greater peace of mind and a stress-free life. If we are confident, we will keep striving and exploring new things, and keep ourselves motivated.
•Stress-management Skill
Stress-management is one of the most important of all the self-management skills. In today’s scenario, it is impossible to find a stress-free environment. To live a healthy life, we have to cope with the stress-causing agents and manage our lives. Stress reduces our productivity. It also affects our performance, hampers concentration and has a harmful impact on our memory. Stress management techniques allow us to be proactive in managing things. It also helps in harnessing negative energies that usually lead to impulsive behaviour, and motivates us to reach greater To deal with a stressful situation, adopt four habits-Thinking, Breathing. Relaxing and then Reacting. Always remember that we can make right choices and take right decisions only when we are in a calm state of mind.
•Time Management and Organisational Skills
Time management is a skill of planning and organising the time to manage all activities. Good time management enables one to work effectively and efficiently, so that more work may be done in less time. Organisational skill is the ability to use time and energy in a most effective manner, so that one can the things one desires. Time management and organisational skills are must, if we have to work at the most effective and productive level.
Self-motivation is one of the most powerful forces that impels one to do things and attain success. It is the force that drives one to work hard and put efforts for self- development and personal fulfilment. It means being always ready to face challenges. It is not necessary that one is born with this skill. It is something which needs to be built upon and nourished throughout life. People with self-motivation are more organised and have good time management skills.
To lead a harmonious life, it is vital to have a positive outlook. Life is full of ups and downs Problems are inevitable. But, what matters the most is how you tackle or face situations. One cannot pretend to be positive, it needs to be inculcated. Keep motivating yourself to achieve the set goals. And even if you cannot achieve them or meet your own expectations, do not allow negative thoughts to seep into your mind. Keep striving to achieve your goals and everyday do something to get a step closer to your goals.
Before setting up your goals or before you expect anything from others or even from yourself, you must know who you are. Understand the reasons for your own behaviour. We are responsible for our own actions. One must observe oneself regularly. Ask others to judge you and give feedback. May be you will not like it initially but try to remain neutral. Achieving self-awareness is not an easy task, but investing time will help in the long run.
Taking responsibility of your actions is like moving a step closer to self-management. Though we start learning this skill during childhood, mastering this skill takes years. In order to be one must learn to prioritise things. Do the task as per priority and take responsibility of the actions or mistakes. Self-development is all about expanding ourself and our horizons. Admit the mistakes, learn from them but keep striving. When we take responsibility, we learn so many new things. Even if we fail, we get to know about our capabilities. We begin to explore new opportunities and this leads to self-development. It not only helps in boosting our confidence level but also makes us aware about our strengths and weaknesses.
It is impossible to work 24 x 7 with 100% capacity. Proper planning and time management is the key to get optimum results. The best way to increase productivity is to manage things and time. Even if you have a lot to do, make a schedule and keep some time for relaxation. Ensure you get small breaks in between your busy schedule. Enjoy that time. And if you are unable to do a task, take a break or switch the task and come back to it later. Productivity/output increases if the work is done with a fresh and rejuvenated mind.

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