it 402 class 9|Basic writing Notes Communication Skill-1 Chapter- 4|| Chapters Notes of Computer Book IT Code-402 Class-9,||

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Basic writing Notes Communication Skill-1 Chapter- 4|it 402 class 9

Chapter-4:-Basic Writing Skills
Writing:- writing is one of the ways of sharing our thoughts, and communicating ideas and views to others.
writing skill:- writing skill are very significant for communication. They helps us to communicate our message easily with clarity to an audience.
Phrase, Clause and sentences:— are the three main structure and common parts of the English language.
Phrase:– a phrase is a group of words acting as a single part of speech but does contain a subject and a verb.
Clause:- A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate.
*A Clause can sometimes act as a sentence this type of cluse is an independent clause.
The Sentence:- A sentence is a group of words that express a complete thought or to make complete sence.
            Ex:- Plants need soil, water and sunlight to grow.
Types Of sentence 
* On the Basis of function
   i) Declarative sentence 
  ii) Interrogative sentence 
 iii) imparative sentence
 iv) exclamatory sentence
* On the basis of structure
  i) Simple sentence 
 ii) compund sentence
iii) complex Sentence 
iv) Complex-compound Sentence 
Types of sentence ( On the basis of function) 
1. Declarative sentence:- These are the sentences or statements that relay information or idea. They always ends with full stop(.)
         Example:- I always speak the truth.
2. Interrogative sentences:- The sentence that asks question is an interrogative sentence.
         Example:- why did you take my books?
3. Imperative Sentence:- A sentence that express a command, request, gives an advice or order is an imperative sentence.
         Example:- Jatin, hand me the book please.
4. Exclamatory Sentence:- a sentence that shows strong feelings or emotion is an exclamatory setence.
         Example:- What a beautiful garden!
Types of Sentence( On the basis of structure)
1. Simple sentene :- Simple sentene is made up of only one clause(main or independent clause). A main clause has both the subject and the verb, and express a complete sence.
         Example:- He ate an apple
2. Compund sentence:- A compound sentence has at least two main clause connected by aconjuction such as, and, for, nor, but, so, yet, or.
         Example:- I called him, but he didn’t reply.
3. Complex sentences:- A complex sentence has one main clause and at least one subordinate/ dependent clause such as althouth, because, since, unless, when,etc. or a relative pronoun like who, that, which.
        Example:- I saw a girl who was hungry.
4. complex- compund sentences:- complex-compound sentence is made up of at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent clause.
        Example:- I forgot my sister’s birthday, so I sent her a card when I finally remembered.

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